高考必背英语短语 高考必背古诗词重点句子

English phrases and ancient Chinese poetry are both significant aspects of the high school entrance examination in China, commonly known as the "gaokao." Mastering essential English phrases and familiarizing oneself with key sentences from ancient poetry are essential for success in the gaokao. In this article, we will explore the importance of these two topics and discuss their relevance in the realm of education.

English Phrases

English phrases play a vital role in the gaokao. A deep understanding of these phrases helps students excel in their language skills and comprehension abilities. While English grammar and vocabulary are crucial, phrases provide a framework for expressing ideas and communicating effectively.

One example of a commonly used English phrase is "on the other hand." This phrase is frequently used in writing to introduce an opposing viewpoint or to contrast two ideas. It adds depth and complexity to an argument by presenting multiple perspectives.

Another crucial phrase is "in a nutshell." This phrase is employed to summarize something concisely, making it an invaluable tool for students when they need to articulate their thoughts succinctly in writing or speaking tasks.

Comparatively, the phrase "on top of that" is employed to add supplementary information or to emphasize an additional point. It is a powerful phrase that enhances the coherence and cohesion of an argument or explanation.

Ancient Chinese Poetry

The significance of ancient Chinese poetry in the gaokao cannot be overstated. Proficiency in understanding and analyzing key sentences from ancient poems showcases a student's cultural awareness, linguistic skills, and ability to appreciate the aesthetic beauty of classical literature.

One notable example is the opening line of Li Bai's poem "Quiet Night Thoughts" "床前明月光,疑是地上霜" (Before my bed, the bright moonlight shines, with frost on the ground, it seems). This line not only depicts a serene and beautiful scene but also reflects the poet's melancholic mood. The ability to appreciate the emotions conveyed through these words illustrates a student's depth of interpretation.

Another important line is from Du Fu's poem "Spring View" "春色满园关不住,一枝红杏出墙来" (The beauty of spring cannot be confined within the courtyard; a branch of red apricot breaks through the wall). This line captures the essence of spring, emphasizing its irresistible vibrancy and exuberance. It demonstrates the poet's ability to use vivid imagery to evoke emotions.


Mastering essential English phrases and familiarizing oneself with key sentences from ancient Chinese poetry are crucial for success in the gaokao. The ability to effectively express ideas using a range of English phrases showcases language proficiency, while the appreciation of classical Chinese poetry demonstrates cultural awareness and aesthetic sensitivity.

By introducing these two topics with clarity and depth, students can enhance their language abilities as well as their understanding of Chinese culture. It is through this holistic approach that they can excel in the gaokao and lay a solid foundation for their future academic endeavors.



1. 表达观点和态度的词组:

要在英语写作或口语表达中准确地表达观点和态度,一些词组可以派上用场。"I believe" (我认为)、"In my opinion" (在我看来)、"From my perspective" (从我的角度来看)、"It seems to me that" (在我看来)等,这些词组可以帮助我们清晰地表达个人观点。

2. 重点强调和对比的词组:

在英语表达中,重点强调和对比是增强言辞效果的有效手段。一些词组可以帮助我们达到这个目的。"On one hand" (一方面)、"On the other hand" (另一方面)、"In contrast" (相比之下)、"Nevertheless" (然而)等。这些词组可以帮助我们更准确地对比和突出重点。

3. 描述因果关系的词组:

在英语写作或口语表达中,描述因果关系是非常重要的。一些常见的词组用于说明原因和结果的关系,如:"As a result" (因此)、"Due to" (由于)、"Therefore" (因此)、"Consequently" (因此)等。这些词组可以帮助我们清晰地表达原因和结果之间的逻辑关系。

4. 陈述事实和数据的词组:

在英语学习中,我们需要用到一些词组来陈述事实和数据,以支持我们的观点和论据。"According to" (根据)、"Research shows that" (研究表明)、"Statistically speaking" (从统计学角度来说)等。这些词组可以使我们的陈述更有说服力和权威性。

5. 表达建议和观点的词组:

除了陈述事实和数据,我们还需要用一些词组来表达建议和观点。"I suggest that" (我建议)、"It is advisable to" (建议)、"It is crucial to" (至关重要)等。这些词组可以帮助我们更有针对性地表达建议和观点。